نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
عضو هیأت علمی گروه زبان و ادبیات فارسی، واحد رودهن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رودهن، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Counteraction between the eternal sensational sentiment, love and the creations' first spark, reason is the main concern of this article. The two are the most controversial issues during the history of mysticism in the Persian literature, and a subject for many researches and criticisms. Searching to find the historical background of this counteraction in between the works of great mystics, in itself, requires an independent article. This article however attempts to investigate Attar's point of view as one of the pioneers of mystical poetry from the aspect of this counteraction.
The attempt is also made to show that Attar's main preoccupation is love, his words centers around the pain of love and his mystical methodology pictures the journey of the mystic from the start of his pilgrimage to his final attainment as one through seven valleys.
Love is a mirror which fully reveals the mystical culture of Attars' works. Although his style in his masnavi is teaching the mystical instructions, in his lyrics, one hears his passionate compositions. Reason is the sole guide of the initiate in the religious law, and he is worthy of servitude. Love is the initiate's guide towards divinity. In order to manifest the reflection of love in Attar's words and to explain his apprehensions regarding reason and its counteraction with love in his works, definitions of love and reason and their characteristics are given.