عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
With the advent of empirical methods and through the senses, based on the traditional epistemology, man was able to recognize the objects as they existed and understand their reality. After Kant’s theory of epistemology was widely accepted by the public, it became apparent that direct knowledge, is the consequence of the interaction between mind and Ain(quintessence).We cannot arrive at reality in its entirety, we can only recognize it by the way it seems to appear. Factors such as subject and object are involved. In other words we are dealing with phenomena and not with noumena. It seems that in the Post modern age due to the advent of new epistemology, the waning power of sciences and empirical methods, fading of dogmatism and verification in sciences, and being content with mere falsification, the way is paved for mystical schools to invite and encourage man towards intuitive understanding. Pseudo religions, modern spiritualities, Gnostic systems alongside monotheistic and other forms of religions, each strive to find a market to attract adherents. Some of these doctrines are under the influence of mystical traditions which in the course of history for the sake of their survival, broke away from the main tradition and sought another path. Some others have at their roots the needs of modern man for space and spiritual thought free from religious and non religious presumptions. This article is an attempt to compare and investigate the final stage of the mystic way based on the teachings of three Gnostic systems namely, Buddhism, Indian mysticism, and Mowlana’s gnosticim.