عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Mowlana Jalaluddin Mohammad Balkhi, is the great Iranian thinker, and the most eminent figure in the Persian culture and literature who lived in Ilkhanian period in Roman land.
The purpose of this article is to criticize the relationship of Sultan Kayqobad the first with Mowlana, and his father, and to provide criticism of the myths fabricated by Aflaki, the disciple of Mowlana, around his master to further elevate his stature. Attempt is also made to illustrate the great influence of Mowlana’s thought and works on the diffusion of Persian language, poetry, and culture in Asia Minor and other ottomans’ conquests, and to introduce Mowlawiyya literature, such as Maref of Baha-e Valad, and his other works, Maref Borhan-al-Din Mohaqqeq, Maqalat Shams Tabrizi, etc, which played a significant role in promotion of Persian language outside Iran particularly in Asia Minor and the subcontinent.