نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
استاد و مدیر گروه زبان و ادبیات فارسی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ـ واحد تهران شمال.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Determinism and freewill are among the principal religious and discourse related
issues which have been the subject of many discussions and investigations in
Philosophy and Mysticism. Upon acceptance of determinism the mystery of man_s
responsibility and the riddle of creation of sin arise and upon acceptance of freewill
(Tafviz) we are faced with the paradox of limitation of God_s power and an
exception to the ultimate law of causation emerge.
Legal theorists, philosophers, mystics, each with their own criteria have attempted to
solve the riddles. Moulana however cast a different look on the subject. Firstly he
maintains that determinism and freewill like any other philosophical problem is
disputable and discussion over it is endless. Secondly he illustrates that for practical
reasons both problems are required by man and depending on his need, man
sometimes inclines towards one or the other. Thirdly, since he looks at the problem
from the pluralistic or dualistic perspective as a rational philosopher and a free
thinker he justifies free will and from a monotheistic perspective, as a mystic
believing in monotheism, confronting him he sees a determinism which is the same
as free will and superior to that which he calls .