عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Ferdowsi’s Shahnameh is and eternal singular work which has kept ancient Persian ceremonies and culture within itself. Each of these ceremonies is worthy of analysis namely the ceremony regarding making a vow which is also used today and is dealt with in different places in Shahnameh. Hence in this article swear an oath and ancient beliefs in this connection and its reflection in Shahnameh and also its mythological connection with the two elements of water and fire is investigates. Sogand is a Persian word and its equivalent in Arabic is Ghasam and yamin. Dr Moein in the margin of Borhane-Ghate’ has brought if after the entry Sukeh. Sogand with the first and third accent innnnnn Avesta is Saokatevant (Gogerdmand) means that which has sulfur. In ancient Peasia and in complicated and ambiguous trials, the two sides were examined on a trial or test called sogand or oath. Sogand is part of a var (godly trials in ancient Persia). Sogand is a poisonous drug dissolved in water in form of a drink given to the accused. If he were innocent, he came to no harm and his innocence and righteousness was proved and if he were guilty, the poison would cause him death.