عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Kalim Kashani is a creative, balanced, and prolific poet who has tried his hand in all types of poetry but his main reputation is for his lyricism. Kalim’s Ghazaliat apart from having common features of Indian style, due to its poetic force of creativity, richness of diction and semantics, and lyrical inclinations, it has linguistic, literary features.
The art of Kalim lies in his creation of imagery, content and he uses all the rhetoric possibilities of language in such a simple clear manner that makes his dense imagery far from complexity and ambiguity. Similies in Ghazaliat Kalim is divided into three parts: wide, farfetched, and favourite.
In his Ghazaliat, Kalim uses mostly perceptual metaphors and sometimes he creates novel imagery out of non poetic subjects. Although parallelism is the main feature of Saeb’s poetry, but Kalim is known to be the pioneer of this style and it is the characteristic of his poetry.
Kalim’s Ghazaliat in terms of mental and spiritual states is expressive of his philosophical and lyrical thoughts. The frequency of words, and his particular motifs in many cases is representative of his speculative and skeptical philosophical ideas. The main feature of his Ghazaliat is the application of such motifs which is the core of imagination and it reveals his perspective of life. In this research, the analysis of his Ghazaliat with reference to previous studies has been made and examples were given.