نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استاد و عضو هیأت علمی تمام وقت دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ـ واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران.
2 دانشآموختة مقطع دکتری زبان و ادبیات فارسی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ـ واحد تهران مرکزی و عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ـ واحد جیرفت، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the discussions in the contemporary Poetry especially in the last few decades which has won great favor by the scholars and had produced valuable works is the field of literary criticism. Sociological criticism, one of its branches studies the work in its social milieu especially in terms of engaged literature examines the social ills in a society in order to reveal and express the bitter realities and pains so that the audience could reflect upon them and in this way get aid to find a remedy for those crisis. (farzad, 1378, 71)
The subject which ought to be dealt with utmost sensibility is the problem of growing superstition and ignorance in the contemporary poetry in Iran from the beginning of Constitutionalism till 1357. A major problem which is unfortunately not dealt with seriously by the scholars in contemporary literature. For this reason we were encouraged to study and examine the impact of superstition on the poetry at the time of constitutionalism and at Nima’s time. As a background of the study, briefly the roots of the problem in Iran’s past and contemporary history were dealt with and where possible evidence and example from the contemporary poetry were presented and analyzed.