روایت شناسی و تفاوت میان داستان و گفتمان براساس نظریات ژرار ژنت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

عضو هیأت علمی دانش‌کده ادبیات فارسی و زبان‌های خارجی، دانش‌گاه آزاد اسلامی ـ واحد رودهن.ایران

چکیده

نوشته حاضر به موضوع روایت داستانی و یا داستان روایی از دیدگاه ژرار ژنت نظریه پرداز ادبی فرانسوی می­پردازد. مفهومی که تا کنون درک و دریافت­هایی متفاوت از آن توسط منتقدان ادبی ارائه شده است. ژنت اهم نظریات خود را پیرامون عنصر روایت در مقاله‌ای تحت عنوان «دربارة متد» ارائه داده است. در این گفتار پنج مفهوم مهمی را که روایت شناسی ژنت از آن سود جسته، مورد بررسی قرار می­دهیم و به تفاوت­های داستان و گفتمان از دیدگاه او و تقسیمات مفهومی و عناصر مختلف آن
می­پردازیم.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Narratology and the difference between fiction and dialogue based on the theories of Gerard Genette

نویسنده [English]

  • Ro’ya Ya’aghobi
چکیده [English]

The present article is concerned with the fictional narrative or the narrative fiction from the perspective of Gerard Genette, the French literary theorist.  A controversial concept variously interpreted by the critics ever since its appearance.  His major work on narrative best known in English as “An Essay in Method” deals with five main concepts discussed in detail in this article. The difference between fiction and dialogue in Genette’s eyes, conceptual divisions and their various elements are also elaborated on.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • fiction
  • dialogue
  • Gerard Genette
  • Narratology

 

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