نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
استادیار زبان و ادبیات فارسی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Hamleh-ie Heidari of Bāzel Mashhadi is a work that has the greatest quantity and variety of manuscripts in Persian epic literature after Ferdowsi's Shāh-nāma. In this study, by codicological analysis of 100 manuscripts of the Hamleh, several new supplements were discovered and their its interactions with Hamleh was clarified, and then the text corpus was classified into five categories based on the approach of literary genres. Based on the approach of the textual criticism, the manuscripts of the Hamleh of Bazal, due to the Indian style of the poet and the ritual use of the work in Hamleh reading, unlike other literary works, over time, instead of adding and increasing verses, have suffered to reduce and remove verses. Of course, at the end of the manuscript, the situation is reversed because the Hamleh 's poems have been supplemented. Based on the classification of literary genres, the type of Hamleh was defined as follows: “Hamleh” composing, from the branches of the genre of secondary religious epic, and the subgenre of literary-artistic epic, was explained by the function of language epic. Also, the “Hamleh”s were in terms of content among the historical epic poems with two types of pure historical epic or historical-folk epic, and in terms of relation to the basic Hamleh (Hamleh-ie Heidari of Bāzel), they contained three subspecies: book completion, composition of similar works and book translation.
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