نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
دانشیار بخش زبان و ادبیات فارسی، دانشکده ادبیّات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Derafsh is one of the important millitary devices with a symbolic function which has played important motivating and inspiring role in battles eversince antiquity till the present time. Derafshes in distinct colours each is expressive of a characteristic is regarded as a representative of the attributes of a race and features of a land. Sometimes derafshes hold no significance and the holder of the derafsh is the one who gives identity to it and cause a powerful action. In any case whether in itself or via the human interference and force or extraordingary force derafsh had had a central importance among the nations in the past. Factors such as the colour of the derafsh, the image carried on them, its material, and also viewing it as a means of fortune telling all play a part in extraordinary impression they incite in particular with the case of the Kavian derafsh. The main trancendental characteristic of this Kaviani derafsh is the interference of elements from the occultism and numerical motifs and spells which are referred to in certain ancient sources such as Alvah- al Zahab Bouni, Ibn Khaldun’s introduction, and Kashefi’s Herzol Aman and in this way the supernatural force is entertwined with ordinary banner which caused the victory over demonic Zahhak.