عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Divane Hafez is so intertwined with national beliefs that it can be said after Shahnameh no work in the domain of Persian literature could reflect the Persian spirit more than Hafez's Divan. In terms of diction, literary and artistic sense it is unparalleled. Hafez perceives with thorough inspection and immaculate vision the problems of his time and integrate them delightfully to breathe new life to the noble Persian spirit. His all encompassing command over the history and culture of his predecessors and his accurate inquiry into the ancient texts of the Persian literature puts him in a position to draw inspiration from all their literary and artistic gifts and Shahnameh Ferdowsi doubtless is one such sublime work. Hafez depicts the scenes in battle fields and festivities by employing epic diction, intermingling lyricism with epic to its utmost beauty throughout his Divan. Hafez could revive his past culture by choosing a figurative language and a variety of literary devices, incredible parts of speech to invent novel compounds and this reveals his challenging spirit in a unique manner. Choice of diction and literary devices such as hyperbol, ambivalence, similes, personification, allusion and variety of ironies all provides him with the ingredients to create a genre of lyric epic.