عنوان مقاله [English]
Iranshahr, the general name for Iranian territories, is known as the land of light and the realm of Ahura Mazda in Iranian mythology and Pahlavi scripts. Such an attitude has been recurrent in geography books of Islamic era and Persian Literature books. The result of such an attitude takes Iranshahr as a center for the ancient world that is sacred and must be protected from the encroaching evil. Babylon, on the other hand, was a great and influential civilization in Mesopotamia that emerged after the Sumerian dynasty, and impressed many civilizations of the Middle East, North Africa, and Europe by the ideas about astronomy in particular. After Babylon was conquered by Cyrus the Achaemenid and annexed to the territory of Iran, this country has always been considered a part of Iranshahr in the Islamic period as reflected in the geography texts. According to this ascription, Babylon must be a divine land like Iran, however, it is supposed to be the origin of magic and demons in the beliefs of Persians. Moreover, a part of the ordeals in Iran originated from Babylon, and this was despite all the good ideas that were there about Iranshahr. This paper is an attempt to show the place of Babylon in the mythic geography of Iran and to find a reason for its ominousness on the basis of Mithraism.