عنوان مقاله [English]
This article analyzes the symbols of Esfandiyar’s Seven labours (Haft-khan-e-Esfaniyar) based on Fardiyat Yung's theory of process and Joseph Campbell's theory of single myth. Campbell has considered an approach for heroes’ mythological journey to achieve individuality which is formed three key departure phases: initiation, departure and return. In this paper, Esfandiyar journey in seven labours is shown and measured with the approach and the smaller phases. Iranian self-consciousness in Esfandiyar’s Council takes the travel to that land looking after Turan who is his subconscious. Esfandiyar who is a symbol of the hero’ archetype approach, tries to get to unity with inner unconscious. He makes the shadow come along with him in Seven Valleys through sage assistance and divine intervention then with entering to the initiation province and overcoming to sensuality, come to unity with three Animas. He returned to his community with the blessing gained from this journey to reform their society with seizing the power promised by the conscious; but conscious that is the hero’s the past, is still captured by power. There he brought the hero to a new challenge. Esfandiar’s fight with Rustam indicates this fact that he failed to unity with his unconsciousness in his imaginary journey. His depriving from the process of individuation and his imperfect journey in the course of perfection cause to sit on a throne and dies in the half way of life.